The prevailing manner of enforcing international law is still essentially “self help”; that is the reaction by states to alleged breaches of international obligations by other states. However, a few bodies, such as the WTO, have effective systems of binding arbitration and dispute resolution backed up by trade sanctions. There are distinguished methods of legal reasoning and methods of interpreting the law. The former are legal syllogism, which holds sway in civil law legal systems, analogy, which is present in common law legal systems, especially in the US, and argumentative theories that occur in both systems.
- This is to insure against the risk of economic crises, such as the Wall Street Crash of 1929.
- Most executives in both systems are responsible for foreign relations, the military and police, and the bureaucracy.
- She studies how new technologies have outpaced regulation and legal doctrine, including various ways new technologies challenge existing conceptions